PantaRhei - Jülich Optical Stability Benchmark


Through the introduction of hardware aberration correctors the achievable resolution in high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) has been pushed down into the sub-Ångström regime. With this development, also the required precision level to measure and adjust the optical properties of transmission electron microscopes has become increasingly demanding. Instabilities of the optical parameters over time represent thus a severe limitation of the achievable accuracy and precision in the material structure analysis. The optical stability is an instrumental property, which is of similar fundamental importance as the achievable spatial resolution.

PantaRhei is a software for the automated evaluation of optical stability tests for transmission electron microscopes. This tool allows you to

PantaRhei comprises a graphical user interface for the direct visualization of data and evaluation results as shown by the screen shot below. The program runs under Microsoft Windows XP/7/8 operating systems.

Screenshot of PantaRhei showing an evolution of the twofold astigmatism and the result of a model-based stability evaluation.

The optical stability benchmark is based on a simple standard experiment in high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). It requires a prior aquisition of a series of TEM images and a measurement of the twofold astigmatism from each of the images. The resulting list of astigmatism values is loaded from a log file of the astigmatism measurement including timestamps. The temporal evolution of the measured astigmatism can be displayed and processed in a step-by-step procedure yielding estimates of the lifetime of the optical state in numerical and graphical form.

A detailed description and explanation of the evaluation procedure is given in

J. Barthel and A. Thust, Ultramicroscopy 134 (2013) 6–14 , "On the optical stability of high-resolution transmission electron microscopes".


Last update: Jan 2019   contact